Global tourism and travel industry caters to billions of customers and involves countless transportation, hospitality, and entertainment services. Ever-increasing demand from leisure and business travelers promises growth opportunities both for established companies and startups.
If your travel agency still hasn’t gone online, it’s time to do it. A hybrid model combining online travel booking with the services of experienced travel agents can eliminate disruptions and errors and increase your efficiency dramatically. If you are just about to start your own travel agency, it’s reasonable to launch it online from the onset. 60% of leisure and 41% of business travel arrangements are reportedly made there. A new online travel agency (OTA) can start with little funding and without office space or hired staff. Some research and feasibility studies showed that $70,000 would suffice for setting up a small-scale travel agency business in the U.S. Regardless of your business plan, location or budget, investment in proper website design and development is essential.
To estimate the possible cost of building an OTA, we need to break it down into basic components first.
Read also: Building a Travel Mobile App from Scratch
Every online travel business connects people in search of travel products with corresponding vendors. The essential travel products are flight tickets, hotel rooms, tour and cruise line tickets, and car rentals, but may also include shuttle buses and taxi cabs, restaurants, events, activities, visas, or whatever else modern niche travel may imply. An OTA sells them on behalf of the vendor, and travel agents may book them on travelers’ behalf.
Therefore, an online travel booking system should have three user interfaces:
1. Web user interface for travelers and travel agents. They should be able to:
2. Web user interface for tourism businesses. Also called the extranet, it enables business owners to manage their inventory for the OTA. They need the ability to:
The OTA administers the extranet, aggregates all deals, and displays them to tourists via the web user interface.
3. OTA administrators’ interface. The platform administrators should be able to manage:
Two back-end components enable transactions between these users:
4. Booking engines and third-party APIs (application programming interfaces). Depending on your online travel business‘ specialization and scope, you can connect only with your partner hotel’s Central Reservation Systems (CRS), or Amadeus CRS, Galileo CRS, and Sabre, or major computer reservations systems (Global Distribution Systems – GDS), or other web applications for selling airline tickets, making hotel reservations, and booking events, restaurant tables, and other services. Most modern GDS, CRS, and other consolidators provide APIs for easier integrations with website builders (such as WordPress), payment gateways, and services like Google Analytics and Mailchimp.
5. Payment system. A payment gateway allows tourists to transfer funds to the travel service providers. It encrypts users’ data sent from a browser to the vendor, requests authorization from a bank, and transmits the response to the website to complete the payment. An OTA can be integrated with any payment gateway with an open API, starting from Amazon Payments, PayPal, Stripe or WePay, and ending with local systems processing MasterCard and VISA credit cards.
This may be your minimum viable product (MVP), i.e. just enough for selling and purchasing travel services online. However, a whole working system may prove useless if few travelers and vendors use it. Without constantly updated helpful and engaging content, it’s difficult to attract potential customers and to persuade them to book services at a new travel website. Therefore, we deem one more component indispensable:
6. Content Management System (CMS). A CMS will help you publish the OTA’s Terms of Services, destination travel guides, blog posts, user-generated reviews and ratings, FAQs, and other valuable info. Unique practical content enables a travel agency to demonstrate its expertise and care for the customers. It helps build trust. Blogging is especially good for reaching out to people. Blog posts and insider articles can promote offers and include direct calls-to-action, e.g., “Book my stay in Munich” in a piece about Oktoberfest. You can create a database of subscribers for lead generation, enable satisfied customers to share their travel experiences and photos with your audience, award discounts and other prizes for the best travel picture, and so on. The ability to optimize the content to make your website more visible for search engines is equally important.
It’s possible to start a travel business online without a proper CMS. For example, misterb&b ran without it for several years. However, after adding the Guides, Events, and Blog sections to the website, Onix witnessed a significant increase in the number of users and sales.
The content management component is relatively easy to integrate, and the value it adds will outweigh any cost you may deem ‘extra’ now.
The total cost of building a travel website with these components can be calculated by multiplying the estimated development time by the appropriate professionals’ hourly rates.
A skeleton team for such projects should include:
The team can accomplish the development of components listed above within the following approximate terms:
The salaries of specialists building your online travel agency are the other major factor. For a pilot project starting at several weeks, a whole new in-house team may be overkill. It makes sense to outsource the job: established companies need not be distracted from the core business, and a travel agency startup can save money.
The saving will be more impressive if you contract a company in Eastern Europe. Usually, it means lower programming and web design rates without compromising quality. For example, if you order your OTA web development in Ukraine, with the average hourly rate of $30, the above minimum time estimate translates into $43,200.
This budget covers the bare minimum an online travel business should offer its customers and partners. Travelers have been spoiled by the abundance of destinations, service options, and excellent experiences. Your travel business will be competing with giant one-stop shopping platforms like Booking.com, Expedia, Hotels.com or Kayak, as well as with smaller fish in your niche travel pond. Only a unique value proposition (UVP) will let you stand out from the crowd. You need to find at least three tangible benefits that can be points of difference and invest in specialties and additional features to support them.
The following functionalities and features can make your travel booking site more interactive, user-friendly, and competitive:
It’s best to implement these and other features gradually, as your business needs determine. For example, if your present or potential customers are price-sensitive, you should go to all lengths to offer the cheapest airline tickets, accommodations, travel packages, and services from the onset.
However, since leading OTAs are doing it already, affordable travel is not a unique selling proposition. Neither are bed-and-breakfasts and hostels anymore. By contrast, niche and location-based services promote underrepresented vendors and cater to narrow dependent audiences that are likely to form a loyal clientele. Here are a few examples of niche travel businesses:
...and more. It makes sense to focus on a specific target audience (or create your own), adapt your OTA to a specific culture, and integrate the services and features that will work for the UVP and promote your leadership in the market.
The must-have elements of an online travel agency are:
This is a bare minimum allowing vendors to sell a travel product, travelers to book and pay for it, and the OTA administrator to moderate the platform. The cost of creating it starts around $43K, provided you outsource the project to Eastern Europe, Latin America, or South Asia. Additionally, even the MVP’s scope can vary depending on the target audiences, vendors, and OTA’s business needs.
Each element expanding the services and improving the customer experience will increase the cost of your project. Building up the services and functionalities, eventually, you may develop into a one-stop travel shopping platform. The minimum budget for Expedia-like app starts at $100K (with outsourced development).
However, the cost need not reach that amount. A user-centered approach and thorough knowledge of the travel industry and particularly your niche will help you identify the essential components. Keep your eyes peeled for emerging travel needs and changes in your area, and invest in technological developments to support exceptional services.
If you plan to start a travel business online but don’t know where to begin – let it be Onix!